Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal

Posted in Peace accord, Politics, आन्दोलन-२ (April movement) at 11:24 am by www.PHALANO.com

-By Chandra Shekhar Karki/Bikas Rauniar

Nepal has become a Federal Democratic Republic from May 28, 2008 (15 Jeth 2065) after the Constituent Assembly overwhelmingly voted for abolition of the country’s 240-year-old monarchy. Proposal tabled by the government for implementation of a republic has been passed as 560 members out of 564 present voted in favor of the proposal and 4 against on late Wednesday night at 2320 hours.

Yesterday a total of 568 CA members were sworn in at Birendra International Convention Center (BICC) in Kathmandu.

Constituent Assembly Hall (BICC) in Baneswore in Kathmandu. Photo by CSK

This CA member was among first to sit in time. Photo by CSK

TMDP leader Hrideyesh Tripathi (left) talking to Maoist leaders Prachanda, Dr. Baburam, Rambahadur Thapa-Badal and Matrika Yadav (standing). Photo by CSK

Maoist leaders (from left) Chairman Prachanda, Dr. Baburam Bhattarai, Rambahadur Thapa-Badal. Photo by CSK

Newly appointed General Secretary of CPN-UML Jhala Nath Khanal (standing) sharing a moment with the Maoist leaders. Photo by CSK

Although, PM Koirala aged 84 is the eldest CA member, 73 year old KB Gurung (with grey coat) administered the oath to the other members as Koirala still remains as the country’s Prime Minister. Photo by CSK

CA members taking oath at BICC in Kathmandu. Photo by CSK

CA members taking oath at BICC in Kathmandu. Photo by CSK

From left, CA Member Mala Mati Rana Tharu, 47, from Kailali-6 represanting Sadbhavana Party, CA member Dal Kumari Sunuwar of Ramechhap from RPP and CA member Sita Gurung of Nepali congress outside BICC hall after taking oath. Photo by CSK

Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal-Prachanda (left), Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala (center) and Speaker Subhas Nemang during tea session. Photo by CSK

Right – Maoist Chairman Prachanda and NMKP president Narayan Man Bijukchhe inside CA meeting hall. Left – CA members Rukmani Tharu, 28, of Dang and Raj Kumar Limbu (Nalbo) of Morang from Snghiya Loktantrik Manch. Photo by CSK

CA members of Nepali Congress Ajaya Dwubedi (left) and Om Prakash from Parsa. Photo by CSK

CA members having snacks at BICC. Photo by CSK

TMDP’s rally in the capital supporting republic. Photo by BR

CA member Ramsheela Thakur to attend first CA meeting. Photo by BR

Unemployed rally for their rights to be addressed by the new constitution. Photo by BR

CA members sharing moment during first CA meeting. Photo by BR

A moment of silence- CA members paying tribute to the martyrs. Photo by BR

Prime Minister Koirala addressing the first CA meeting before tabling the proposal of implementation of republic. Photo by BR

CA members listening to the Home Minister tabling the proposal of implementing republic. Photo by BR

Members lined up to vote for the republic. Photo by BR

CA member Ramsheela along with other members lined up to vote for the republic. Photo by BR

Celebrating the republic day. Photo by BR

People watching the ‘Royal flag’ removal event in Durbar Marg. Photo by BR

CPN-UML supporters in a victory rally. Photo by BR

Youth painted with the republic slogans. Photo by BR

“नयाँ नेपाल गणतन्त्र नेपाल ” Photo by BR


  1. jungway street said,

    June 14, 2008 at 8:52 am

    You’re my star, a light to find my way in the dark. You lift me up when I’m feeling down, and I’m lost when you’re not around. All that you are is more than I could have ever dreamed. I fell for you from the very start. With just a smile, you claimed my heart. Now I intend to let you know every day; I want to make you mine in every way, because I you.

  2. Navin said,

    June 14, 2008 at 7:40 pm

    Why the Great Britain still has Queen, the Japan has Emperor, Brunei has Sultan & Thailand has King? Australia, New Zealand & Canda still honor Queen of England and those countries are so civilized and stronger economically (atleast far better off than us) and they can’t get rid of off their majesties because the people they don’t want to. So why only Nepal & Nepalese people hate the Kingship? Is this a family feud or just a Jealousy…???
    If you are too proud to be Nepalese please help those Nepalese in need of help in Bhutan & in Darjeeling currently, they need help & Nepalese voice…they really need your help at this moment…

  3. Desh Bhakta said,

    June 14, 2008 at 10:35 pm

    For Mr. Shrstha I want to say one thing for your word change, you always used the word change can you explain me what does it mean as i live in Kathmandu for long time and i know about your newari calture and i repect your culture also in same way as a nepali we have some culture and Royal Family and Royal Palace one part of our nepai culture so if you think you are responsible citizen of Nepal than try to respect the hindu culture.
    In the name of change don’t forget your culture you are proud to say Neapli only because of this Shah Dynasty and i think your family are also proud to say that they are Nepali isn’t it so don’t forget this. Country has to be changed economically but the tradition should not be changed we have to keep some space for tradition and culture. Millions of people comes to Nepal as a toursit but they always asked the tradition and culture of Nepal not your Politic Change.


  4. Desh Bhakta said,

    June 14, 2008 at 10:45 pm

    Mr. Rajes
    Felt Good to see the termination of Shah Dynasty from Nepal and you will be happy to see the Civil war also in Nepal this a trailor flim is yet to see.


  5. Daisy, Uk said,

    June 15, 2008 at 4:43 am

    My dear friends!
    Why everybody is keeping mum? Please tell something in favor of your ‘great Gantantra’. I will be happy to reply your question.
    Don’t forget that I am not in favour of absolute king. Ceremonial king was my agenda. I was failed by the parties which only favor Republic perhaps for their own interest rather than for public interest. People have no option as every party was favoring Republic, so people did not get any option. There should have been Referndum for the issue. It seems that Nepalese people have long way to go for their country’s stability. I am really fade up by the activities run by these parties. Parties never have long term vision, and are guided by shortsightedness. But here people’s interest is being sacrificed without giving appropriate opportunity for them whether they want monarchy to stay or go. Really sad!

  6. B. K. Shrestha, Canada said,

    June 15, 2008 at 9:27 am

    Shut the mouth and work only to achieve…. (Contd.)

    What I intended to say using the above expression is “less speech and more work”. In my personal opinion, our leaders appear to be the most Rhetoric in the world.

    I do apologize if the above expression was interpreted in another way. However, I still do not agree with the version of monarchy for the betterment of people’s life. It has to be wiped out completely…!!!

  7. posta raj kuwait said,

    June 15, 2008 at 11:20 am

    I like this image so much
    I wanna keep hope next time also like new event photo .
    keep it up

  8. prashanta said,

    June 15, 2008 at 3:17 pm

    Federal Democratic Republic-all rubbish. In the name of peoples’ mandate, political parties are working like a syndicate. Peoples are suffering more these 3 years than Gyanendra’s 1.5 years direct rule. Everywhere there is corruption, political leadership are corrupt, ministers’ are corrupt, bueraucracy is corrupt, so-called civil society corrupct (ethically).
    Do you believe? during his these around 3 years’ tenure, Sitaula earned 37 crore, Mahat earned 32 crore, sujata earned 26 crore……there is long list of corrupt ministers and officials. This is the golden age for corruption in Nepal. Innocent Peoples are being victimized, in terai many peoples are being killed, women are being raped. Butchers are ruling the country.
    Sorry to say-even country’s souvereingty is in stake. We are proceeding towards 18 th century when there were 22 se and 24 se entities. Prithivi Narayan was foolish-Girija and Prachanda are the wisest among nepalese.
    All are playing in the hand of RAW. Nepal-next Sikkim?


  9. raj kishore shah said,

    June 15, 2008 at 3:36 pm

    नेपाली जनताको ठेक्का केही मुठ्ठीभर व्यक्तिले लिन पुगेका छन् । लोभी पापीहरुको हालीमुहाली छ । कुनै एउटा त्यागी, निष्कलंक व्यक्तिको नाम कसैले खोजोस् जो राष्ट्रपति हुन योग्य छ । त्यस्तो कोही पनि छैन । सबै सत्ताको लागि कुकुर विराला जस्तो लडिरहेका छन् । धन्य हुन् ज्ञानेन्द्र जस्ले जनतालाई सम्बोधन गरी शालिनतापूर्वक नारायणहिटी छाडेर गए । तर उनको पत्रकार सम्मेलनमा तथाकथित पत्रकारहरुको व्यवहार अशोभनीय मात्र होइन, अराजक र पत्रकारिता पेशाको मर्यादा बाहिरको थियो । तर दूर्भाग्य, सतीले श्रापेको नेपालमा यस्तै डेढ अक्कलीहरुको रजाईं छ – चाहे त्यो सत्तासिनहरु हुन् वा बाहिरका नागरिक समाज वा पत्रकार । इर्ष्या, द्वेष, असहिष्णु चरित्र, आपराधिक प्रबृत्ति अनि अराजक सोच नेपालको संस्कृति बन्दै गइरहेको छ । अहिलेको भुमण्डलिकरणको युगमा हामी नेपाली जाती अव बाहुन, क्षेत्री, नेवार, थारु, मधिसे, दलित, लिम्बु, खुम्बु, मगर आदिमा बाँडिदै गइरहेका छौं र त्यसै अनुसार आत्मनिर्क्त छुट्टा छुट्टै राज्य जातीय राज्यको खिचलोमा अल्भिरहेका छौं । सत्ताको प्राप्तीका लागि माओवादी नामको २१ औं शताव्दीको राक्षसले नेपालमा जातीयताको जुन बिउ रोपेको छ, त्यो अहिले झांगिएर बटबृक्षमा परिणत भएको छ । सिंगो नेपालको अस्तित्व भूगोलमा रहने हो कि होइन अव शंका उठ्न लागेको छ ।

  10. nepali babu said,

    June 16, 2008 at 8:54 am

    is it going to be real republic of nepal or just a another sikkim???

  11. Ganesh Gurung, Doha, Qatar said,

    June 16, 2008 at 11:47 am

    यो देश नेपाल सबैको साझा हो भन्ने भावानाले बल पावोस, फेरी कसैले भेदभावको महसूस गर्नु नपरोस ! पाहिले नेपाल र नेपाली रहनु पर्छ अनि मात्र संघीय गणतंत्र वा अरु कुरा हुन्छ ! त्यसैले सधै नेपाल र नेपालीको भालो हुने नेपाल बालियों हुने र नेपालको अस्तित्व जोगिने काम गर्नुहोस !

  12. Iraq US camp said,

    June 16, 2008 at 2:49 pm

    Congratulation to all nepali people for being Republic nepal



  13. rohit, usa said,

    June 18, 2008 at 5:14 am

    सहमतिका अड्चन
    सहमतिको राजनीति अघि बढाउने कि एक्लै बढ्ने निर्णय गर्ने जिम्मा माओवादीकै हातमा छ संविधानसभा निर्वाचनमा सबैभन्दा ठूलो दल बनेपछि सरकारको नेतृत्व लिन माओवादी नेपाली काँग्रेस र एमालेको विश्वास आर्जन गर्ने प्रयासमा लागिपरेको छ । दलहरु तथा नागरिक समाजबाट बिश्वास पाउन माओवादीले अवको सरकार वृहत शान्ति सम्झौता, अन्तरिम संविधान र त्यसको भावना अनुसार गठन हुने बताइरहेको छ । तर, माओवादीको भनाइ र ब्यवहारमा देखिएको भिन्नताबाट वाक्क भएका राजनीतिक दलहरु उसलाई अझै पूर्णरुपमा विश्वास गर्न सकिरहेका छैनन् ।

    राजनीतिक दलहरुले माओवादीलाई बिश्वास गर्ननसक्नुको कारण निर्वाचनपछिका दिनमा माओवादीको सहायक संगठन वाइसीएलले आफ्ना कार्यकर्तालाई कुटपिट गर्नु धम्क्याउनु र सम्पती कब्जा गर्नु रहेको बताएका छन् । नेपाली कांग्रेस र एमाले नेतृत्वले वाईसीएलका क्रियाकलाप रोकिनुपर्ने बताइरहे पनि नरोकिएको मात्र हैन, झन बढोत्तरी भएका छन् । वाईसीएलका गतिविधि नरोकिनुमा दलहरु माओवादी नेतृत्वको नियतमाथिसमेत दोष दिईरहेका छन् र दलहरुको आरोपको पुष्टि वाईसीएलका गतिविधि नरोकिनुले गरेको छ । चुनावपछि आफ्नो गतिविधि बढाउने क्रममा वाईसीएलले पुसिलसँग समन्वय गर्ने, भ्रष्टाचारीलाई कार्वाही गर्ने लगायत घोषणा गरेको छ ।

    संविधानसभाबाट ठूलो दल बनेपछि माओवादीले भावी सरकारको नेतृत्व अध्यक्ष प्रचण्डले गर्ने निर्णय गरेको छ । प्रचण्ड अझै माओवादी जनमुक्ति सेनाका सर्वोच्च कमाण्डर छन् । सहमतिका साथ सरकारको नेतृत्व गर्न प्रचण्डले जनमुक्ति सेनाको सर्वोच्च कमाण्डरबाट राजीनामा दिनुपर्ने दलहरुको माग छ । सरकारको प्रधानमन्त्री राष्ट्रिय सेनाको कमाण्डर हुने भएकाले राष्ट्रिय र बिद्रोही सेनाको कमाण्डर एकै ब्यक्ति हुने अनौठो परिस्थिति आउन नदिन प्रचण्डले राजीनामा दिनुपर्ने उनीहरुको तर्क छ । तर, माओवादीले अझै कांग्रेस र एमालेको प्रश्नको उत्तर दिएको छैन ।

    सेना समायोजनबारे पनि माओवादीले दलहरुको पूर्ण बिश्वास पाउनसकेको छैन । सरकारको नेतृत्व गरेको माओवादीले सेना समायोजनको नाममा राष्ट्रिय सेनालाई पूर्णत राजनीतिक बनाउला भन्ने दलहरुको चिन्ता छ । यो बिषयमा पनि माओवादीले स्पष्ट नपारेसम्म तथा दलहरुको बिश्वास नलिएसम्म सहमतिको राजनीति अघि बढ्ने सम्भावना कम देखिएको छ ।\
    yo kura bujda bes hun 6….la

  14. Daisy, UK said,

    June 19, 2008 at 4:48 am

    Dear Mr. shrestha,
    Thank you for your latest posting. You have every right to express your view on ‘Republic’. The only thing is that we have to cultivate a habit of giving expression based on logic or evidence. My view is that Republic itself is not going to give anything to Nepali people. But monarchy was representing Nepal’s tradition, culture, its ownness that differentiate Nepal with other country. People are saying the integration of the country also is the contribution og monarchy. In the past kings could have done mistakes. But ceremonial king will have no option to do wrong. Perhaps you have heard that ‘king can do no mistake’. However, absolute king can do mostake. That’s why I also don’t like absolute king. श्रेष्ठजी, एक पटक सोच्ने हो की तपाईले? म तपाऐको ‘लजिक’ सुन्न आतुर छु। तपाई ‘इन्टेलिजेन्ट’ हुनुहुन्छ, अनि आफ्नो भनाईको ‘लजिक’ दिन पर्दैन भन्नोस त!

  15. bikash, sydney said,

    June 19, 2008 at 11:21 am

    wow i am very happy its declare republic, nepal is now republic country now its time to serve the country by all the people, now all the people in any field should contribute nepal and make it very developed and lovely in whole world any place, any country where nepali are staying also should somehow contribute our country. i luvvvvvvvvv nepal

  16. Mukesh Sah Doha, Qatar said,

    June 19, 2008 at 6:22 pm

    यो देश नेपाल सबैको साझा हो भन्ने भावानाले बल पावोस, फेरी कसैले भेदभावको महसूस गर्नु नपरोस ! पाहिले नेपाल र नेपाली रहनु पर्छ अनि मात्र संघीय गणतंत्र वा अरु कुरा हुन्छ ! त्यसैले सधै नेपाल र नेपालीको भलो हुने नेपाल बालियों हुने र नेपालको अस्तित्व जोगिने काम गर्नुहोस !

  17. hakkuma nepali, jakarta city, indonesiya said,

    June 22, 2008 at 7:37 am

    raj kishore shah
    timro bichar ati kharab lagyo kina bhane nepal kewal timro mattre hoina nepal sampurna nepaliko ho tesobhako hunale
    aya arjan sabai nepali le milera khanu parchha kewal yeutai ja-
    jati le matter khane arkon jati le lata le papa here jhai garnu r- amro hoina hamro bhanai yeti mattra ho tara timro sabbda le- mulukma jatiya andolan hunasakchha bachan ma sudhar linu paryo o k

  18. bishnu prasad niure(madras) said,

    June 23, 2008 at 8:05 pm

    gantantra nepal jandabad.

  19. sydney said,

    June 24, 2008 at 10:15 pm

    *** politician haru bhanda ta raja nai thik chha. Aba badr ko hat ma nariyal bhane jastai neta ko hat ma nepal

  20. Santosh Adhikari, Kathmandu said,

    June 25, 2008 at 1:53 pm

    Raja ko jati tyag garna sakne neta bhaideko bhaye Nepal kasto sundar hunthyo hola. Raja timi mahan chhau ra sadhai hune chhau. eeuta sachha janata sanga jhukne nepali lai salam.

  21. Jenish said,

    June 25, 2008 at 3:21 pm

    I don’t understand WHY people in Nepal are so happy about NEW NEPAL!!!
    All the bloody politicians are inconsiderate are corrupted and there is NO difference in Old or New Nepal.
    Welcome to so called NEW NEPAL-
    – Oil price gone up
    – Transport price gone up
    – Food price gone up
    – No Jobs
    – Pollution, I don’t have to tell you
    – Unemployement gone up
    – People are desperate to leave country (no control)
    – People are fedup with Maoist trying to resolve this issue with other parties
    – Nepal Arilines have only one international flight (what a f&%$ing shame)
    – Power – don’t be suprise if someone lock you up in the toilet, if minister can do it then why not an ordinary people?
    – No security in and outside valley, people are still scared to live their normal life
    – People are beaten to death by YCL and Maoist (Ram Hari Shrestha was killed by Maoist and they have taken the responsibility)
    – I guess there are now thousands of small parties who have power to shutdown Nepal, chakka jam, haadtal etc. Non of the parties are interested to resolve their issue before they take these action.

    AND SO ON………………………………

    I am a fedup Nepali guy who still trying to figure out why people are so exicted about NEW NEPAL…!!!!!!!!!!


  22. daisy,Uk said,

    June 26, 2008 at 9:42 am

    I fully agree with Jenish’ s view. Republic is equated with New Nepal. Ridiculous! They have to show something concrete that they have given to the people when the country is republic. A commoner could become president. So what? Do you think this will make 260 million common people’s life easy

  23. daisy,Uk said,

    June 26, 2008 at 9:47 am

    Mr Bishnu Prasad Niure!
    It is shame that you said republic zindabad. What for? Why zindabaad. Do you want to become a foolish follower who does not need any rational behind the statement you give. Shame!

  24. daisy,Uk said,

    June 26, 2008 at 10:00 am

    Dear Bikash!, Sydney
    म तपाईसंग अनुग्रहित हुन्थे यदि तपाईले नेपाल गणतन्त्र हुदा नेपालीलाइ हने फाइदाको बारेमा केही भनिदिनु भएको भए! नेपालीले अरुको औजार मात्र हुन जाने।

  25. yuba/haarlem said,

    June 26, 2008 at 2:50 pm

    republice nepal, looking forward for the change that the new government that will form going to bring in nepal, i hopefully but not sure they would..lets see…

  26. Aastha; Australia said,

    June 27, 2008 at 2:10 pm

    Aastha said:
    I strongly agree with Jenish’ s view. Republic is equated with “New Nepal”. “Federal Democratic Republic” I think all rubbish. In the name of peoples’ mandate, political parties are working like a syndicate. People were suffering more n more these 3 years than in x-King Gyanendra’s 1.5 years direct rule. Don’t you think so? Everywhere there is corruption, political leaders, ministers’, bueraucracy and so called civil society all corrupct. People have no options as all parties were favoring so-called “Republic”, so people didn’t get any options. There should have been Referndum for the issue, isn’t it? It seems that Nepalese people have long way to go for their country’s stability and progress in development.

    I am really really very sick of by the activities run by these parties. Parties never have long term vision for the benifit of the aam janata, and are guided by their shortsighted visions. Country has to be changed….. economically but, you see they are doing nothing for the development of the nation instead they are changing their own economy and changing their status…….Isn’t it ridiculous n disgusting???

    Poor we people, we are always misleaded by these so called Netajis that they’ll do this n do that for us very soon when they get appointed in the government but once they get in the power they forget all the things they’ve promished us…… Here, our interest is being sacrificed without giving any opportunities to us what we want whether we want monarchy to stay or go……. Oh God what will happen to us….What will be our future?? The situation is worsening day by day instead of any progress why???? The life of ordinary people has turned into hell……..

  27. pritam said,

    July 2, 2008 at 12:10 pm

    We are being mislead by these Indian paid leaders and their followers of different names. These leaders are being used by India by showing money and power. We are leading one of these three Srilankanis, Fijism and at the end Sikkimism. Lets see…all good and bad goes to these leaders….althouth “New Nepal”, “Republic” , “Federal Nepal” whatever…whatever names are given but the poor people are suffering from the massive price hike, insecurity, lack of law and order etc. etc. Till now no one knows where our country is heading at althogh big speeches and assurances to very poor peoples are coming….

  28. Jenish, Oxford said,

    July 3, 2008 at 3:13 pm

    CPN (Maoist) are in the verge to declare “Madhesh as autonomous region”… yes another ‘Sikkim’ and Maoist should be shameful to themself for not being able to resolve one of the country’s sensitive issue!!!

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